One of the most hotly debated topics in the nutrition world is the age old question: to eat meat, or not to eat meat? Isn’t a vegetarian diet healthier? Less saturated fat? Less heart disease? Less cancer?
I have been on both sides of the fence, and this is a topic about which I feel strongly. Check out my story. I was a vegetarian for almost 13 years and felt great for much of it, honestly, until I developed hormonal issues that were directly linked to my overconsumption of soy products. But what really began to shake my vegetarian confidence was my foray into veganism. It’s no secret that factory farming practices in this country are abhorrent at best, and while I worked as a journalist for an environmental magazine, I researched and wrote about the adverse effects our contaminated food supply has on our health. I lasted as a vegan for about 3 weeks and have never felt worse in my life. I could barely drag myself through the day and felt foggy and grumpy. Mine was a well curated vegan diet, mind you, as I had been studying health and nutrition for years and carefully combined whole grains, legumes, and soy products so I could be sure I had enough “complete” proteins.
About the time I enrolled in school and began my studies in holistic nutrition, I read Julia Ross’s book, The Diet Cure. This book completely changed the way I viewed nutrition and vegetarianism. Because, come on, I would be lying if I said I didn’t expect to lose weight going vegetarian or vegan because I wasn’t consuming those fattening animal products! I learned how wheat and gluten products created inflammation and how soy products cause estrogen dominance and thyroid issues, and THAT actually causes weight gain, not animal products. I learned fat was necessary for brain and hormonal health and that eating fat makes you thin. I began to eat meat again and have never looked back. But enough about me. Let’s talk vegetarianism.
Most of my vegetarian clients avoid meat or animals products foremost because they want to be healthy and lose weight. Many avoid meat due to ethical reasons. There is a common thread among my female vegetarian/vegan clients:
- weight gain
- no sex drive
- hormonal issues
- high blood sugar/hypoglycemia/high insulin
- depression, anxiety.
A few struggle with intestinal yeast or uterine fibroids. I explain the following to each one of them:
We are genetically identical to our ancestors, who thrived on a diet of vegetables, occasional fruits, nuts/seeds, and animals. They practiced a “rotation diet” by default, meaning that they weren’t eating the same things every day (or the same animals), and they certainly didn’t consume soy or fake foods like Morningstar Farms chik’n nuggets. Furthermore, they weren’t consuming a whole lot of grains, if any at all, because most grains are difficult to digest unless they’ve been processed/soaked/sprouted or fermented to some extent. Yes, your breads contain leavening agents and your flour has to be processed and ground before use. Grains are intrinsically difficult to digest: they are coated in a sticky protein called lectin, which is not easily broken down by our digestive enzymes. The reason is because the grain needs to propagate, and they do so by being consumed by grazing animals and pooped out (not broken down) so they can be spread and then take root and grow elsewhere.
Anyhow, my point is that our ancestors were indeed consuming a plant based diet. But they did have meat, and sometimes it was the focus of the meal (after a kill); sometimes it was more of a condiment. The fact is, we thrived on a diet that included animal protein. Our ancestors didn’t suffer from the modern ills we experience today: high blood pressure, obesity, high blood sugar, cardiovascular disease, cancer. They also exercised, slept 10-12 hours, and ate an organic diet by default with no processed foods.
I have studied the research and witnessed the effects of a vegetarian diet both personally and among my vegetarian clients, and I have a few thoughts here. First off, sure, a vegetarian diet works for some folks. We are all physiologically different and no one diet is right for everyone. I’ve had vegetarian clients come to me because they went veg to lose weight, only to gain weight, perhaps because their bodies have a higher need for protein and they may not fare well on a grain-based diet.
I’ve had veg clients come see me because they began to suffer debilitating stomach issues (soy is very difficult to digest, as are grains), hormonal issues (soy is very estrogenic and also downregulates thyroid function, causing weight gain, infertility, and a host of other estrogen-dominant type issues), depression (your body synthesizes feel-good neurotransmitters from amino acids in protein), or lack of sex drive. In these cases, a vegetarian diet is doing more harm than good. If you are a happy vegetarian and you feel good, fine.
If you have one of more of the following issues troubling you, time to reconsider your diet.
-hormonal issues, thyroid issues, PMS
-digestive issues, gas, bloating
-no sex drive
Let’s clear up a few myths. First off, I love the one where people say they lose tons of weight and feel great when they go vegan. Great! Sure, this could work for a while. It’s basically like a cleanse: about 70 percent vegetables/carbs, and about 10 percent protein & fat. And anytime you transition from a processed food diet to a plant-based diet, of course your health will improve. Talk to me in a few months. Still feel great? Fine. Starting to feel lethargic, or is your weight plateauing? You’ve probably transitioned off the initial detox high and may be subject to hormone imbalance or fatty acid and B vitamin deficiency.
Then there’s the “meat is unhealthy” claim. Sure, meat is unhealthy when you buy it from McDonald’s or if you buy mass produced factory farmed toxin-filled meat. But fake soy products certainly aren’t health foods. That stuff is all chemicals that the body can’t properly process. Humanely raised hormone/antibiotic-free meat from reputable sources contains B vitamins, zinc, iron, good fats, and protein necessary for immune & cardiovascular function, tissue building & repair. We all require different amounts. But in times of stress, the body’s need for protein & good fats is greater. Don’t believe the hype about red meat causing early death. That study is seriously flawed, and my guess is the participants weren’t eating organic meat.
I do believe that a meatless, grain-based diet is not optimal. Grains are difficult to digest, create inflammation in the digestive tract and inhibit absorption of other nutrients. Add soy to the mix and you’ve got real problems. Look, I’m not anti-vegetarian. The point of this article is to stress that no one diet works for everyone. It’s of course possible to be an unhealthy meat eater, sure. We need a plant-based diet. Plants provide antioxidants, minerals, and nutrients that oxygenate the body. It’s possible to be an unhealthy vegetarian, especially if you’re eating soy and fake meat products.
It’s about what is the right diet for YOU? The body’s needs change over time, and our diet must change to accommodate these needs. And my other point is this: if you have health issues, your diet should be the first thing you focus on. If you’re in the “meat causes cancer and saturated fat is bad” camp, I can direct you to the litany of studies you should read to educate yourself.
More on fat/cholesterol:
A look at the China Study vs Meat debate:
The Vegetarian Myth. by Lierre Keith
Bashing on soy:
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